Как установить pycharm на mac os
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Как установить pycharm на mac os

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Как установить Python и PyCharm на MacOS правильно?

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Четвёртый шаг:
Мы будем использовать менеджер пакетов Homebrew для установки Python 3. Для работы с Homebrew необходимо установить Xcode от Apple, выполните следующую команду в терминале: xcode-select –install
Установка Xcode может занять некоторое время, дождитесь завершения установки

Пятый шаг:
Установите Homebrew, наберите команду в терминале: /usr/bin/ruby -e «$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install

Шестой шаг:
Установите Python, наберите команду в терминале: brew install python3

Седьмой шаг:
Посмотреть установленную версию Python, наберите команду в терминале: python3 — -version

Восьмой шаг:
Скачайте и установите PyCharm c официального сайта

Install PyCharm

PyCharm is a cross-platform IDE that provides consistent experience on the Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems.

PyCharm is available in two editions: Professional , and Community . The Community edition is an open-source project, and it’s free, but it has fewer features. The Professional edition is commercial, and provides an outstanding set of tools and features. For more information, refer to the editions comparison matrix.

System requirements

4 GB of free RAM

8 GB of total system RAM

Multi-core CPU. PyCharm supports multithreading for different operations and processes making it faster the more CPU cores it can use.

SSD drive with at least 5 GB of free space

Officially released 64-bit versions of the following:

  • Microsoft Windows 10 1809 or later Windows Server 2019 or later
  • macOS 10.15 or later
  • Any Linux distribution that supports Gnome, KDE , or Unity DE. PyCharm is not available for the Linux distributions that do not include GLIBC 2.27 or later.

Pre-release versions are not supported.

Latest 64-bit version of Windows, macOS, or Linux (for example, Debian, Ubuntu, or RHEL)

You do not need to install Java to run PyCharm because JetBrains Runtime is bundled with the IDE (based on JRE 17).

PyCharm supports the following versions of Python:

  • Python 2: version 2.7
  • Python 3: from the version 3.6 up to the version 3.12

Install using the Toolbox App

The JetBrains Toolbox App is the recommended tool to install JetBrains products. Use it to install and manage different products or several versions of the same product, including Early Access Program (EAP) and Nightly releases, update and roll back when necessary, and easily remove any tool. The Toolbox App maintains a list of all your projects to quickly open any project in the right IDE and version.

Install the Toolbox App

PyCharm in the Toolbox App

  1. Download the installer .exe from the Toolbox App web page.
  2. Run the installer and follow the wizard steps.
  3. After you run the Toolbox App, click its icon in the notification area and select which product you want to install. To install a specific version, click and select Available versions .

Log in to your JetBrains Account from the Toolbox App, and it will automatically activate the available licenses for any IDE that you install.

Install the Toolbox App

PyCharm in the Toolbox app

  1. Download the disk image .dmg from the Toolbox App web page. There are separate disk images for Intel and Apple Silicon processors.
  2. Mount the image and drag the JetBrains Toolbox app to the Applications folder.
  3. After you run the Toolbox App, click its icon in the main menu and select which product you want to install. To install a specific version, click and select Available versions .

Log in to your JetBrains Account from the Toolbox App, and it will automatically activate the available licenses for any IDE that you install.

Install the Toolbox App

  1. Download the tarball .tar.gz from the Toolbox App web page.
  2. Extract the tarball to a directory that supports file execution. For example, if the downloaded version is 1.17.7391, you can extract it to the recommended /opt directory using the following command:

sudo tar -xzf jetbrains-toolbox-1.17.7391.tar.gz -C /opt

PyCharm in the Toolbox app

  • Execute the jetbrains-toolbox binary from the extracted directory to run the Toolbox App. After you run the Toolbox App for the first time, it will automatically add the Toolbox App icon to the main menu.
  • Select the product that you want to install. To install a specific version, click and select Available versions .
  • Log in to your JetBrains Account from the Toolbox App, and it will automatically activate the available licenses for any IDE that you install.

    If you installed PyCharm via the Toolbox App, you can find the installation directory in the app: open the settings of the IDE instance in the Toolbox App, expand Configuration , and look for the Install location field.

    Standalone installation

    Install PyCharm manually to manage the location of every instance and all the configuration files. For example, if you have a policy that requires specific install locations.

    1. Download the installer .exe . There is a separate installer for ARM64 processors. To verify the integrity of the installer, use the SHA checksum linked from the Download page.
    2. Run the installer and follow the wizard steps. Mind the following options in the installation wizard
      • 64-bit launcher : Adds a launching icon to the Desktop.
      • Open Folder as Project : Adds an option to the folder context menu that will allow opening the selected directory as a PyCharm project.
      • .py : Establishes an association with Python files to open them in PyCharm.
      • Add launchers dir to the PATH : Allows running this PyCharm instance from the Console without specifying the path to it.

    To run PyCharm, find it in the Windows Start menu or use the desktop shortcut. You can also run the launcher batch script or executable in the installation directory under bin .

    1. Download the disk image . There are separate disk images for Intel and Apple Silicon processors. To verify the integrity of the downloaded disk image, use the SHA checksum linked from the Download page.
    2. Mount the image and drag the PyCharm app to the Applications folder.

    Run the PyCharm app from the Applications directory, Launchpad, or Spotlight.

    Install using tar archives

    1. Download the tarball There is a separate tarball for ARM64 processors.
    2. Unpack the pycharm-*.tar.gz file to a different folder, if your current Download folder doesn’t support file execution:

    tar xzf pycharm-*.tar.gz -C

    The recommended installation location according to the filesystem hierarchy standard (FHS) is /opt . To install PyCharm into this directory, enter the following command:

    sudo tar xzf pycharm-*.tar.gz -C /opt/
    cd /pycharm-*/bin
    For example,
    cd /opt/pycharm-2022.2.4/bin
    sh pycharm.sh

    To create a desktop entry, do one of the following:

    • On the Welcome screen, click Configure | Create Desktop Entry
    • From the main menu, click Tools | Create Desktop Entry

    When you run PyCharm for the first time, you can take several steps to complete the installation, customize your instance, and start working with the IDE.

    For more information about the location of the default IDE directories with user-specific files, refer to Directories used by the IDE.

    Silent installation on Windows

    Silent installation is performed without any user interface. It can be used by network administrators to install PyCharm on a number of machines and avoid interrupting other users.

    To perform silent install, run the installer with the following switches:

    • /S : Enable silent install
    • /CONFIG : Specify the path to the silent configuration file
    • /D : Specify the path to the installation directory This parameter must be the last in the command line, and it should not contain any quotes even if the path contains blank spaces.

    pycharm-professional.exe /S /CONFIG=d:\temp\silent.config /D=d:\IDE\PyCharm

    To check for issues during the installation process, add the /LOG switch with the log file path and name between the /S and /D parameters. The installer will generate the specified log file. For example:

    pycharm-professional.exe /S /CONFIG=d:\temp\silent.config /LOG=d:\JetBrains\PyCharm\install.log /D=d:\IDE\PyCharm

    Silent configuration file

    You can download the silent configuration files for PyCharm at https://download.jetbrains.com/python/silent.config.

    The silent configuration file defines the options for installing PyCharm. With the default options, silent installation is performed only for the current user: mode=user . If you want to install PyCharm for all users, change the value of the installation mode option to mode=admin and run the installer as an administrator.

    The default silent configuration file is unique for each JetBrains product. You can modify it to enable or disable various installation options as necessary.

    It is possible to perform silent installation without the configuration file. In this case, omit the /CONFIG switch and run the installer as an administrator. Without the silent configuration file, the installer will ignore all additional options: it will not create desktop shortcuts, add associations, or update the PATH variable. However, it will still create a shortcut in the Start menu under JetBrains .

    See more details on installing PyCharm in the video tutorial:

    Install as a snap package on Linux

    You can install PyCharm as a self-contained snap package. Since snaps update automatically, your PyCharm installation will always be up-to-date.

    To use snaps, install and run the snapd service as described in the installation guide.

    On Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and later, this service is pre-installed.

    PyCharm is distributed via two channels:

      The stable channel includes only stable versions. To install the latest stable release of PyCharm, run the following command:

    Пошаговая установка PyCharm

    JetBrains PyCharm — это интегрированная среда разработки (IDE), используемая для написания программ на Python. В ней есть инструменты для анализа кода, графический отладчик, встроенное модульное тестирование и поддержка веб-разработки с Django.

    Для установки PyCharm сперва нужно установить интерпретатор Python. Дальше — пошаговый процесс установки PyCharm.

    1. Перейдите на сайт JetBrains https://www.jetbrains.com/pycharm/. PyCharm — это проект JetBrains.
      сайт JetBrains
    2. Нажмите «Download». Произойдет перенаправление на страницу загрузки PyCharm.
      Страница загрузки PyCharm
    3. Дальше необходимо выбрать версию PyCharm: Community или Professional. Professional — это платная версия с полным набором функций. Она идеально подходит для профессиональной разработки. Community бесплатная. Ею можно пользоваться благодаря набору базовых возможностей. После нажатия на кнопку «Загрузить» скачивание начнется автоматически.
      Скачивание PyCharm
    4. Теперь необходимо запустить установку (~ pycharm-community-2019.2). Нажмите «Next».
      Начало установки PyCharm

    В статье используется версия pycharm 2019.2. Во время прочтения может быть выпущена новая версия. Учитывайте это, часть 2019.2 может быть любой.

    1. Оставьте папку установки по умолчанию. Это папка C:\Program files(x86)\JetBrains\PyCharm Community Edition 2019.2 . Если выбрана другая, лучше указать именно это направление. Нажмите «Next».
    2. Поставьте галочки напротив обоих пунктов, если нужен ярлык для рабочего стола. Нажмите «Next».
      Опции установки PyCharm
    3. Далее установщик попросит указать имя для отображения в стартовом меню. По умолчанию это JetBrains. Нажмите «Install».
    4. Установка начнется автоматически. Дождитесь завершения.
    5. После завершения установки поставьте галочку напротив «Run PyCharm Community Edition» для запуска, а затем «Finish».
      Завершение установки PyCharm
    6. Если вы только учите язык Python и установили PyCharm впервые, тогда выберите пункт «I do not have a previous version of PyCharm or I do not want to import my settings» и «ОК».
    7. PyCharm запустится. Первый раз этой займет больше времени.
    8. После приветственного окна нажмите «Create New Project».
    9. Выберите директорию для сохранения проекта. Во втором поле нужно указать местоположение интерпретатора Python (который уже должен быть установлен). Обычно PyCharm находит его самостоятельно. Если не удалось, нужно указать путь к нему и нажать «Create».
      Create New Project PyCharm
    10. Нажмите «File > New > Python File». Введите название нового файла. Он откроется с чистой консолью. Можно начинать писать программу для проверки. Напишите что-то простое: например, программу, которая выводит «Hello World!» на экран. Используйте этот код, чтобы проверить работу PyCharm.
    print("Hello World!") 

    В любом месте кликните правой кнопкой мыши и выберите «Run». Программа выполнится, а вывод будет показан на экране. Это значит, что PyCharm установлен и готов к работе. Удачи и успехов в изучении Python.

    How to install Python and PyCharm on Mac

    1. Go to https://www.python.org/downloads/. For Educademy we will be using the latest release of Python. Click the yellow button that says “download Python 3.8.5”.


    2. Python should begin downloading the .pkg file to your computer. Run this program and this screen should appear. Click on Continue to proceed with the installation.


    3. Click on Continue.


    4. Select on which disk you intend to install Python.

    5. Click on Install.

    Installing PyCHARM on Mac

    Python is installed but now we will require an Integrated Development Environment, aka IDE, to be installed onto your computer in order to allow you to code. Although Python comes with its own environment, IDLE, for the courses that Educademy offers we will be using a software called PyCharm.

    1.Go to https://www.jetbrains.com/pycharm/download/#section=mac. This will display the latest version of PyCharm. Underneath community, download the free, open-source version of PyCharm.


    2. Click on the .dmg file. PyCharm should then start installing itself.

    3. Drag and drop the application into the Applications folder.

    4. Select Open when your trying to run the app for the first time.


    5. We will now test if PyCharm works by running the program. You will be prompted to read JetBrains Privacy Policy. Once you have read it, confirm that you have read the User Agreement.


    6. You can now choose between different options for your Pycharm installation. Select I have never used Pycharm to optimize your experience as a beginner.

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